Zambia Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Republic of Zambia
~ conventional short form: Zambia
Area: 752,614 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Highest point: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m
Population: 11,261,795
Density: 14/km2
Population growth rate: 2.12%
Official Language: English
Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Government type: republic
Capital: Lusaka
GDP - per capita: $900
Inflation rate: 18.3%
Currency (code): Zambian kwacha (ZMK)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: Z
Calling code: +260
Internet country code: .zm
Time Zone: + 2.0 H


Victoria waterfall

Zambia hides away a true African experience with great wildlife, unrivalled natural settings and captivating views to write home about. Nestled in southern part of the African continent, this country is dominated by the wild aqua gushes of the Zambezi River and numerous waterfalls that it creates on its way. Most of the landmass in Zambia is a high plateau, surrounded by the southern rim of the Zaire Basin and the Zambezi River. The Kafue and the Luangwa River are other major water flows of the country that crisscross the plateaus and mountain valleys. The terrain of Zambia is also rich in minerals and the Copperbelt, which at one time was responsible for most of Zambia's wealth and lies in the Western Province of the country.
Going back to the bygone era, Zambia was inhabited by indigenous tribes who were later replaced almost entirely by Bantu-speaking peoples. Though Portuguese explorers arrived in the Zambian territories much earlier, the country was discovered extensively by missionary and explorer David Livingstone in 1855. Few decades later, empire builder Cecil Rhodes obtained mining concessions from tribal chiefs and settlement began in the area soon thereafter. In 1924, the British government took over the administration of Northern and Southern Rhodesia, now Zambia and Zimbabwe respectively. From 1953 to 1964, they were part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Finally, on October 24, 1964, Northern Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zambia.




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