Togo possesses a geography that is as mythic as spectacular. It can be experienced within the tropical jungles with wondrous exotic birds, trees and flowers, remote golden beaches, vats grasslands and towering mountains. Situated on the western fringes of Africa, Togo is a narrow strip of land that enjoys a small coastal opening with the Bight of Benin of North Atlantic Ocean in the south. The elongated landscape of the country takes an ascending journey starting from the low-lying seashores. Surpassing the Lake Togo in the plains, the topography rises to the iron-rich Ouatchi Plateau in the central region. The surrounding region of the tableland is drenched by the Mono River and Ogou River. Then the high raising Togo Mountains in the north that suddenly drops to the following savannah regions comes.
Initially inhabited by indigenous tribes of Ewe and Mina, Togo was discovered by the Portuguese seafarers. However, it was the Danish who first settled in region around 18th century and were followed by the Germans. During this time it came to be known as Togo and was eventually split between the British and the French under League of Nations mandates after World War I. The British portion was incorporated to Ghana and the French portion became Togo, which declared its independence on April 27, 1960.