Puerto Rico Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
~ conventional short form: Puerto Rico

Area: 9,104 sq km
Coastline: 501 km
Highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m
Population: 3,916,632
Density: 430/km2
Population growth rate: 0.47%
Language: Spanish, English
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Government type: commonwealth associated with the US
Capital: San Juan
GDP - per capita: $17,700
Inflation rate: 6.5%
Currency (code): US dollar (USD)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: USA
Calling code: +1 787 and    +1 938
Internet country code: .pr
Time Zone: - 4.0 H

The tower at El Yunque

Puerto Rico invites you with wide scope for leisure and vacationing amidst its picture-perfect valleys, meditative mountain ranges and miles spread white sandy beaches. The beauty of the nation spills over to feminine features and heart of the population who care to walk an extra mile to make you feel at home. Spectacular surfing waves, multi-colour flower adorned gardens, perfect sunbathing beaches and old colonial remnants in Puerto Rico create an incredible experience to cherish lifelong. The island nation dabble its coastlines in the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south. Puerto Rico is separated from its west having Haití and the Dominican Republic by the Mona Passage and the eastern shores having the Virgin Islands. In geographical terms, Puerto Rico is an archipelago and is the smallest of the Greater Antilles. The political jurisdiction of the country is extended from the main island of Puerto Rico to various smaller islands, including Vieques, Culebra, Mona, Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos. San Juan is the capital city of the country and is situated on the northern shores.
Puerto Rico sprawls from east to west at maximum length of 180 km (110 miles) and with a maximum width of 65 km (40 miles) from north to south. Volcanic and plutonic rocks form the crust of the mainland Puerto Rico that is large mountainous inland in contrast to the low coastal area in the northern and southern half of the country. The Cordillera Central mountain ranges cut across the country terrain and rise to highest peak of Puerto Rico at 4,389 ft (1,388 m) in the Cerro de Punta. There are some small lakes and rivers in the country and El Yunque is the only tropical rain forest. Otherwise, palm-lined beaches on four cost lines dominate the topography of Puerto Rico with small dry desert-like areas. Puerto Rico enjoys a clear and sunny climate year round.

Coast of San Juan

Officially, Puerto Rico is addressed as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico that is recognised as a self-governing unincorporated organised territory of the United States. Before sharing the American touch, the rectangle shaped island nation reeled under Spanish influence from the day in 1493 Columbus touched its shores. The Spanish conquerors encountered a flourishing Taíno Indian culture in the country and oppressed them fast to establish a colony. It remained economically impoverished until sugarcane, coffee, and tobacco trade developed with the help of African slaves in nineteenth century. After several incidents of rebellions, Puerto Rico was granted self-governance in 1897 but a year later was invaded by American troops during the Spanish-American War. Since then, Puerto Rico has remained an unincorporated U.S. territory. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917 and acquired the right to elect their own governor in 1948.

The Ensenada Honda

Following the establishment of a constitution approved by the U.S. Congress in 1952, Puerto Rico functions independently in the line of the U.S. Republic system. Though, officially, the President of the United States is the head of the state of Puerto Rico, the popularly elected Governor of local origin leads the executive branch of the company. The Senate and the House of Representatives form the bicameral Legislative Assembly and the 28 Senators and 54 Representatives are elected through vote in every four years like the Governor. Puerto Ricans select their nonvoting representative of the U.S. House of Representatives, the Resident Commissioner in same way. The judiciary of the country is led and supervised by the Supreme Court and has several branches.
Cashing on the boons of duty-free access to the US and by tax incentives, Puerto Rico has evolved as one of the most developed economies in the Caribbean region. The manufacturing industry has replaced agriculture as the greatest contributor to Puerto Rico's national income largely because of “Operation Bootstrap” and the standard of living of the country matches the one of the developed countries.




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