Paraguay is a land of exceptional natural beauty with fascinating touches of the dense equatorial forest and colossal basin of the river Río Paraguay. Perched on the central part of the South American continent, Paraguay is a picturesque landlocked nation. Its terrain is dominated by the river banks of Río Paraguay that dissects the country to Eastern Paraguay or Paranena and Western Paraguay or Chaco. The eastern parts are more mountainous and possess more highlands or plateaus compared to the plain lands, swamps and marshes of the western side. Another interesting fact about Paraguay is that it experiences both subtropical and tropical climates as the Tropic of Capricorn encompass the nation.
Paraguay was the breeding ground of the pre-Columbian civilisation consisting of Guarani-speaking tribes. It attracted world’s attention when Spanish explorer Juan de Salazar discovered the land and founded the city of Asunción on August 15, 1537. The uninterrupted Spanish domination continued till May 14, 1811 when Paraguay declared its independence by overthrowing the local Spanish authorities. After initial years of turbulent dictatorial regimes, Paraguay limped back to a more tolerant form of democracy after the amendments in the constitution on 1992. The gigantic Itaipu dam over the Parana River in Paraguay is at present the largest hydroelectric power plant in the world.