Jamaica Identity Card

Country name: Jamaica
Area: 10,991 sq km
Coastline: 1,022 km
Highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m
Population: 2,731,832
Density: 248/km2
Population growth rate: 0.71%
Language: English
Religions: Protestant 61.3%, Roman Catholic 4%, other 34.7%
Government type: constitutional parliamentary democracy
Capital: Kingston
GDP - per capita: $4,100
Inflation rate: 12.4%
Currency (code): Jamaican dollar (JMD)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: JA
Calling code: +1 876
Internet country code: .jm
Time Zone: - 5.0 H

Dunn's River Falls

Jamaica is a natural kingdom where the Blue Mountains run down the lush green valleys, glittering sands and aquamarine waters. This Caribbean island nation attained independence within the British Commonwealth in a hot summer midnight of August 6, 1962. Since then, Jamaica has developed as an enchanting tropical destination with its vibrancy of people, culture, arts and society. From the wild revelry of Carnival and Augus’ Mawnin to the jazz and reggae beats at street corners, the country air compels you to sway in the rhythm of life. The nation is part of the Greater Antilles and enjoys a strategic location of 1127 km (700 miles) south coast of Miami, Florida, USA, and 145km (90 miles) south of Cuba, its nearest neighbour. This makes the country easily accessible from major port areas of the world. Kingston, the capital city and commercial centre of Jamaica, is situated on the southeast coast of the island. Montego Bay, located on the northwest coast, is the island’s second city.
The waves of Caribbean Sea sweep the borderlines of the mountainous Jamaican mainland. This largest island of the Commonwealth Caribbean is basically made up of coastal lowlands, a near-central limestone plateau and the Blue Mountains, a group of volcanic hills, in the east. The mountain ranges are spread from east to west, forming a backbone through the middle of the island. The highest point of Jamaica is Blue Mountain Peak, on the border between Portland and St. Thomas, at 2256 m (7402 feet). The limestone plateaus are situated on the northern part of the country and almost half of the island’s area is over 300 m (1000 feet) above sea level. The rivers of Jamaica flow down from north to the south. The largest of them being Black River is 71 km (44 miles) long. Karst-like topography that includes sinkholes, underground streams, caves and caverns are especially to be found in the Cockpit Country in the west of Jamaica. There are many small inlets by the rugged coastline of the country. The tropical weather in Jamaica brings in hot and humidity with little exceptions of temperate climate over inland regions.
Jamaica began its journey of human inhabitation and subsequent episodes of devastation and survival long ahead of Christopher Columbus when he landed on the island during his second voyage to the “New World” in 1494. Jamaica’s name is derived from the Arawak word Xaymaca, which roughly translates as “Land of Wood and Water”. Much of the native Arawak or Taino tribes were wiped out during foreign invasions. The English captured the island from the Spanish in 1655, and Jamaica went on to become an important sugar colony.


African people were brought in hordes as slaves to Jamaica to support sugar plantation. Slavery was abolished in 1834 with full emancipation coming in 1838. Pirate attacks, earthquakes and fall in sugar trade gave birth to labour unrest. On May 5, 1953, Jamaica gained internal autonomy and in 1958, it led in organising the West Indies Federation. Couple of years later, Jamaica emerged as independent nation under the British monarchy with a constitution of 1962. The British Sovereign is its titular head, her representative being the Governor-General. The prime minister exercises executive power with his cabinet ministers and the legislative powers rest with the bicameral Jamaican parliament, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. All the political public figures are elected through universal suffrage. Tourism and service industry form the backbone of Jamaican economy. However, high interest rates, large-scale unemployment and a growing internal debt remain major concerns for Jamaica.

Jamaica bay



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