Iraq Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Republic of Iraq
~ conventional short form: Iraq
~ local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah
~ local short form: Al Iraq
Area: 437,072 sq km
Coastline: 58 km
Highest point: unnamed peak; 3,611 m
Population: 26,074,906
Density: 59/km2
Population growth rate: 2.7%
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish
Religions: Muslim 97%, Christian or other 3%
Government type: the Iraqi Interim Government (IG) was appointed on 1 June 2004
Capital: Baghdad
GDP - per capita: $2,100
Inflation rate: 25.4%
Currency (code): New Iraqi dinar (NID)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: IRQ
Calling code: +964
Internet country code: .iq
Time Zone: + 3.0 H


Iraq has remained a centre of activity from dawn of human civilisation. Some of the world’s greatest ancient civilizations like Assyria, Babylonia, and Sumer developed in the area that now makes up Iraq. It is also proclaimed as the site for different glories of Babylonia and Nebuchadnezzar II's famous Hanging Gardens. Visitors are lured into this country for the different varieties of Iraqi dates, as they are exceptionally delicious and also for citrus fruits like oranges tasting exquisite. The country is also home to the holy sites of the Mosque of Imam Ali in Najaf and the mosques of Imam Hussein and Hadrat Abbas Shrine in Karbala.
Located in Southwest Asia, Iraq rests at the northern tip of the Persian Gulf. Its coastline along the gulf is only 30 kms (19 mi) long with a single port of Umm Qaşr. The fertile land strip between the river banks of Euphrates and Tigris is a sole exception amidst the arid Iraqi terrain. Iraq also consists of the Zagros mountain range and parts of the Syrian Desert. Iraq is potentially one of the richest countries in the world considering its enormous deposits of petroleum and natural gas. Once known as Mesopotamia, the country survived Arab, Turkish and British rule. In 1932, it achieved full independence and after the devastation of Gulf War and recent US-led attack, Iraq is gradually coming out of the remnants of Saddam Hussein era.




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