Dominican Republic Identity Card

Country name:
~ conventional long form: Dominican Republic
~ conventional short form: The Dominican
~ local long form: Republica Dominicana
~ local short form: La Dominicana
Area: 48,730 sq km
Coastline: 1,288 km
Highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m
Population: 8,950,034
Density: 183/km2
Population growth rate: 1.29%
Language: Spanish
Religions: Roman Catholic 95%
Government type: representative democracy
Capital: Santo Domingo
GDP - per capita: $6,300
Inflation rate: 55%
Currency (code): Dominican peso (DOP)
Vehicle Country Id-Code: DOM
Calling code: +1 809
Internet country code: .do
Time Zone: - 4.0 H



Dominican Republic first caught notice of the global eyes when Christopher Columbus’s voyage hit its shore in 1492. The island nation emerged successful from its turbulent past and evolved as an eco-tourism paradise with its tranquil beaches, cloud-wrapped mountain ranges, refreshing waterfalls and exotic wildlife. Dominican Republic offers immense opportunities to relax and explore the treasure trove of heritage of the country. This nation of Caribbean or West Indies flavour is spread across two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola and shares it sloe land border at west with Haiti. The Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean drench the country coastlines elsewhere and countries like Puerto Rico, Cuba and Jamaica are situated beyond this saline water bodies. The capital of the country is the city of Santo Domingo. Santiago de los Caballeros is the second largest city of Dominican Republic.
The topography of Dominican Republic is mainly dominated by mountain ranges that gradually make way for fertile plains and coastal lowlands. The Central Mountains that start their journey from the Haitian borders and find their way to inland, boast of the highest point in the country, Pico Duarte at 3,087 metres above sea level. The other two major hilly ranges are the Septentrional Mountains and the Eastern Mountains. Soco, Higuamo, Romana, Yaque del Norte, Yaque del Sur, Yuna, Yuma, and Bajabonico are the most notable rivers of Dominican Republic. The country experiences subtropical climatic conditions and is often hit by hurricanes and other ocean storms. The diversity in the geographical aspect of Dominican Republic is visible in its demographical features. Majority of the population is a mixed race of African and European descent. Spanish is the official language and Roman Catholicism the state religion. In the past decades the emigration of Dominican to United States of America has been so high that the Washington Heights area of New York City is often referred to as Quisqueya Heights.
Quisqueya is the alternative local name for Dominican Republic, which the native Taíno Indians of the country used to address Hispaniola. These tribes were the indigenous population of Dominican Republic, before it became a Spanish settlement in late fifteenth century. It remains the oldest European settlement in the Western Hemisphere. Dominican Republic possesses an interesting history of change of reigns from this time on. First it was France who took it over in 1795 before the Haitian blacks under Toussaint L'Ouverture conquered it in early nineteenth century. In the next decade Dominican Republic became an independent entity only to reel under another bout of brief Spanish and Haitian rule. After independence, Dominican Republic witnessed a series of haphazard rule and internal conflict until 1966 when free elections were held for the first time in the country.


Today, Dominican Republic is governed under the 1966 constitution and has an independent executive, legislative and judiciary. Legislative power rests in the hands of the members of a bicameral National Congress that comprises of a Senate and Chamber of Deputies. The 32 Senators along with the150 members Deputies are elected for four years through popular vote. The president is the supreme commander of executive powers and along with his cabinet stays in office for four years. Dominican Republic at present is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The fiscal growth rides on exporter earnings from sugar, coffee, and tobacco. However, Dominican Republic has long financial distance to cover keeping in mind the high income inequality and unemployment level.




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