Mozambique is one of the best locations for diving in the world, as its waters are alive with many species of marine life including dolphins, Manta ray and the occasional shark sighting for the more adventurous. Caressed by the gentle waves of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, Mozambique is located on the south eastern shores of the African continent. The country flaunts an impressive coastline that stretches to 2,470 km and is backed by a vast plain land. Geographically, Mozambique rests the largest coastal plain of Africa, which is frequently interrupted by swamp and mangroves along the shores. However there are some uplands in centre, high plateaus in northwest and mountains in west of the country terrain. The Zambezi River dissects the topography of Mozambique from the middle and the country also possesses part of the huge Lake Nyasa.
First colonised by Portugal in 1505, Mozambique was home to the ancient Bantu tribes who fell under Arab rulers. After having been under Portuguese colonial rule for 470 years and a violent freedom struggle, Mozambique became independent on June 25, 1975. Today, it is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries and the Commonwealth of Nations.