Guinea is a place of wonder for the eco tourists as this is the place the nature has chosen to place its greatest riches. The tumbling rivers and dense rainforests of the country are filled with extraordinary natural sights. In fact, Guinea is the origin point of 22 West African rivers, which goes on to explain the ecological diversity of the country. Among them, the Niger, Gambia, and Senegal Rivers are the most significant one. The country terrain is divided into three distinct regions with a narrow coastal belt or Lower Guinea, the pastoral Fouta Djallon highlands or Middle Guinea, the northern savannah or Upper Guinea and a southeastern rain-forest region or Forest Guinea. Located in west of African continent, the country has a significant shoreline by the North Atlantic Ocean.
Guinea was initially reined by the Ghana Empire, Sosso kingdom, Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire. In 1849, the French claimed it as a protectorate and by the end of nineteenth century the country became part of French West Africa. Guinea achieved independence on October 2, 1958. Guinea is the second-largest bauxite producer by possessing over 30% of the world's bauxite reserves.